Knife and Axe Throwing Rules and Suggested Guidelines

The Range Setup Rules

1: A competition range must have 5 lanes. 1 for warm up, and 4 for competition. Each lane has 3 targets built to Blade Aces standards and set to the correct height. (see Targets) Targets are hung in a V patten. The center target should be set at 1.25 meters (49.2”). The 2 outside targets should be set at 1.5 meters (59”).

2: Each lane must have the foul lines set at 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 meters marked across each lane.

3: Each lane must have the distances marked in feet running along the outside edge of each lane.

4: Each lane should be as flat and as free from debris as possible.

5: The entire range must have an adequate safety barrier around it.

6: Minimum width of each lane is 2 meters (~ 6’6”)

And Range Guidelines

1: Sturdy backboard setups help to maintain safety and reduced the amount of time searching for dropped knives/axes.

2: Suggested lane width is 3 meters (~ 9’10”)

Target Rules

1: Targets must be a minimum of 50 cm (~20”) in diameter.

2: There are two types of targets allowed in competition.

a: Log rounds cut with a smooth face and as free from knots as possible with no bark or occlusions in the scoring area.

b: End grain targets build from lumber. Compressed and secured tightly.

3: Targets are to be painted with 5 concentric rings, measuring 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 cm (3.94”, 7.87”, 11.81”,15.75” and 19.69”).

4: If crosshair lines are used, they must be 1.5 cm (.6”) or smaller in width.

Target Example

And Target Guidelines

1: All Blade Aces hosted events will use circular targets. However associated throwing competitions or online events may use IKTHOF octagon targets if they choose for both scoring and ranking.

Knife Requirements

1: Knives must be a minimum length of 23 cm (~9”) and a maximum of 45 cm (~17.7”). Maximum allowed width is 7 cm (~2.75”)

2: Minimum weight is 8oz

3: Throwing knives may not have a live edge in competition.

4: Each thrower must have 3 identical knives to compete in conventional events.

5: You may use different knives for different competitions during an event. But each competition must be completed with the same knives.

6: Certain competitions/events require the use of the bowie/mountain man knife. These knives must be asymmetrical in shape and have a natural material such as bone, wood or leather for the handle.

7: Gyro knives, short spears, knives with stabilizer fins are not allowed. The only thing allowed to be attached to the knife is scales.

8:  The use of mechanical aid to throw the knife is not allowed.

9: All knives are subject to final approval by Blade Aces.

Knife Guidelines

1: Knives should weigh at least an ounce per inch of length to help reduce bounces.

2: If you are unsure if your knife qualifies for competition, please contact us at bladeaces@gmail.com ahead of time.

Axe/Tomahawk Requirements

1: Widest part on the axe head can’t exceed 12cm (~4.7”).

2: Minimum handle length is 30 cm (~11.8”). Handles must be straight. (Certain mountain man competitions required a tomahawk and allow shorter handles).

3: Axes with a spike on the back are allowed. Spikes or blades in line with the handle are not. If the axe is being held into the target by anything other than the front bladed edge it will not count.

4: Double headed axes are allowed. However, 1 side must clearly be marked as the scoring edge.

5: You must throw an axe or tomahawk. See diagram below for specifications. If you are unsure if your implement qualifies, please contact Blade Aces.

6: You must have 3 axes/tomahawks to compete in conventional events. However, if 1 breaks during competition, you will be allowed to finish the competition with the remaining 2.  

7:  The use of mechanical aid to throw the axe/tomahawk is not allowed.

8: All axes/tomahawk are subject to final approval by Blade Aces.

Axe/Tomahawk Guidelines

1: In general, the “blade” of the axe or tomahawk should be thin but does not need to be sharp.

2: If you are unsure if your Axe/Tomahawk qualifies for competition, please contact us at bladeaces@gmail.com ahead of time.

Conventional Scoring

1:  The point system on conventional targets is as follows:

The face of each target is marked with 5 concentric rings.
10 cm ring, worth 5 points, followed by:

20 cm ring is worth 4 points

30 cm ring is worth 3 points

40 cm ring is worth 2 points

50 cm ring is worth 1 point

Anything outside of the 50 cm ring is worth 0.

2: The highest ring that the metal is touching, on the face of the target, is the points scored. If it is/might be touching a higher ring, but is underneath the face, it doesn’t count.

3: After the competitor has completed all throws and the range master has cleared the range, a scorekeeper will walk up to the target and call out the score to the competitor. If the competitor agrees, the scorekeeper will record the score and the competitor will pull their knives/axes. If the competitor doesn’t agree, the scorekeeper will call the Rangemaster. This is the only time a competitor may contest a score. The Rangemaster will make the call and their word is final.

Conventional Knife

Professional Knife Division

1: The Pro division is open to anyone who would like to compete in it. If you have thrown a score of 200 or more in a competition, you must compete in the Pro division.

2: The Pro division is a 3 knife, 4 lane, 5 distance throw.

3: Pros throw from behind 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 meter lines.

4: You may throw any style of knife throwing you like. Rotational, no-spin, half spin, etc. as long as you are behind the foul line.

5: 1 knife is thrown at each of the 3 targets at each distance, moving left to right.

6: Throwers will start in the practice lane and get one round worth of practice, throwing along with the rest of the competitors.

7: The throwers will start their competition in lane one, at the 3m line, throwing sets of three at each line all the way back to the 7m line. The thrower will shift over to the 2nd lane and start again at the 3m line through 7m. Then shift to the 3rd lane and repeat, then the 4th lane and repeat.

8: Awards are given to the three highest scoring throwers.

Amateur Knife Division

1: The Amateur division is open to anyone who would like to compete in it as long as they have never thrown a score of 200 or more in a competition.

2: The Amateur division is a 3 knife, 4 lane, 4 distance throw.

3: Amateurs throw from behind the 2, 3, 4 and 5 meter lines.

4: You may throw any style of knife throwing you like. Rotational, no-spin, half spin, etc. as long as you are behind the foul line.

5: 1 knife is thrown at each of the 3 targets at each distance, moving left to right.

6: Throwers will start in the practice lane and get one round worth of practice, throwing along with the rest of the competitors.

7: The throwers will start their competition in lane one, at the 2m line, throwing sets of three at each line all the way back to the 5m line. The thrower will shift over to the 2nd lane and start again at the 2m line through 5m. Then shift to the 3rd lane and repeat, then the 4th lane and repeat.

8: Awards are given to the three highest scoring throwers.

Conventional Axe/Tomahawk

Professional Axe/Tomahawk Division

1: The Pro division is open to anyone who would like to compete in it. If you have thrown a score of 140 or more in a competition, you must compete in the Pro division.

2: The Pro division is a 3 Axe/Tomahawk, 4 lane, 5 distance throw.

3: Pros throw from behind 3, 4, 5, 7 and 9 meter lines.

4: You may throw any amount of spins you choose, as long as you are behind the foul line.

5: 1 Axe/Tomahawk is thrown at each of the 3 targets at each distance, moving left to right.

6: Throwers will start in the practice lane and get one round worth of practice, throwing along with the rest of the competitors.

7: The throwers will start their competition in lane one, at the 3m line, throwing sets of three at each line all the way back to the 9m line. The thrower will shift over to the 2nd lane and start again at the 3m line through 9m. Then shift to the 3rd lane and repeat, then the 4th lane and repeat.

8: Awards are given to the three highest scoring throwers.

Amateur Axe/Tomahawk Division

1: The Amateur division is open to anyone who would like to compete in it. If you have thrown a score of 140 or more in a competition, you must compete in the Pro division.

2: The Amateur division is a 3 Axe/Tomahawk, 4 lane, 3 distance throw.

3: Amateurs throw from behind the 3, 4 and 5 meter lines.

4: You may throw any amount of spins you choose, as long as you are behind the foul line.

5: 1 Axe/Tomahawk is thrown at each of the 3 targets at each distance, moving left to right.

6: Throwers will start in the practice lane and get one round worth of practice, throwing along with the rest of the competitors.

7: The throwers will start their competition in lane one, at the 3m line, throwing sets of three at each line all the way back to the 5m line. The thrower will shift over to the 2nd lane and start again at the 3m line through 5m. Then shift to the 3rd lane and repeat, then the 4th lane and repeat.

8: Awards are given to the three highest scoring throwers.

Conventional Knife/Axe/Tomahawk

Senior Division

1: Whether or not there is a senior division will be up to the Blade Aces Board and will be heavily based on how many pre-registered seniors are expected to show up.

2: If there is a Senior division, the rules are exactly the same as for Amateur.

Conventional Knife/Axe/Tomahawk

Youth Division

1: Whether or not there is a youth division will be up to the Blade Aces Board and will be heavily based on how many pre-registered youths are expected to show up.

2: If there is a Youth division, the rules are exactly the same as for Amateur. With the exception that the youth can stand in front of the foul lines if they chose to throw 1/2, 1, 1 1/2 and 2 spin for knife or 1, 1 1/2 and 2 spin for axe.

3: Youth is open to anyone 16 years old and younger. 17 and older must compete in the Amateur or Pro Divisions.